Bodegon – The Concept
Derived from the Spanish time period 'Bodega' which means 'tavern' or a 'pantry,' Bodegon stands for Spanish Still Life Paintings. These art work largely painted pantry objects, together with video games, drinks, glassware, lifeless animals due for skinning, and raw greens & fruits.
Bodegon originated within the Baroque Period (1500-1700), gaining recognition in Spain by the center of the seventeenth century (1650s). This portray fashion was extraordinarily widespread within the Dutch and Flemish areas, current day Netherlands and Belgium respectively, additionally referred to as because the Northern Low Countries.
Several sub-genres and a flower bouquet, the vanitas, or the trompe-l'oeil accompanying the breakfast piece characterised the Northern Still Life Painting fashion and that of Spain. Most of the Bodegones had easy geometric blocks as background. The Still Life creations from Baroque have been nevertheless marked as austere in sharp distinction to the works from Belgium that depict a extra luxurious setting.
The Artists & the Artworks
Spanish Baroque Painter Juan Sánchez Cotán's (1560-1627) Bodegones have been remarkably austere in fashion, particularly compared to the works from Netherlands and Italy. Sánchez Cotán, one other artist, created Sill Life Paintings with greens as the primary theme. He by no means captured people. The greens and fruits in his work have been organized in a way that the objects appeared close to, but remoted.
Juan van der Hamen y León (1596-1631) is considered the best Spanish Still-Life Painter of the seventeenth century. Sánchez Cotán's fashion of depicting vegatables and fruits organized alongside a ledge or suspended from a window body influenced Hamen's early Bodegones. By the late 1620s, his fashion turned more and more different and he started putting objects in his work on totally different ranges. The portrayal of costly, luxurious glassware was one in every of its most distinguishing options. His landmark work embody 'Still Life with Fruits and Glassware' (1626) and 'Still Life with Artichokes, Figs, Peaches and Apples' (1627). Juan van der Hamen's Bodegones extremely impressed Francisco de Zubaran (1598-1664), Juan de Zurbarán (1620-49), Juan Arellano (1614-76), and Antonio Ponce (1608-77).
Another nice Spanish Still-Life Painter was Luis Egidio Meléndez (1716-80). He had superb mastery over gentle & composition and had a hanging potential to create highly effective pictures from abnormal kitchen objects. Some of his most well-known works embody 'Still life with Oranges,' 'Walnuts and Boxes of Sweetmeats,' 'Still life with a Plate of Plums, Pears and Fruit Basket,' and 'Still life with Red Breams and Oranges.'
Sweeping Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, and Spain, Still-Life Painting in its totally different regional flavors, marks an necessary flip on this planet artwork historical past. Bodegon stands as a concrete pillar within the zone.